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carpinus caroliniana hornbeam

Other Common Name: Blue Beech. American Hornbeam, Musclewood, or Ironwood, is a deciduous tree that may grow 30 to feet tall. Plant in the spring. Difficult to transplant due to deep spreading lateral roots. American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is more often cultivated as a tree, also similar to beech in its leaf shape, fruit pattern and cultivation needs. Scientific Name: Carpinus caroliniana. Carpinus caroliniana Figure 1. Carpinus caroliniana ssp. Like other Hornbeams, Carpinus caroliniana is popular for bonsai due to its small leaves, thick trunk, and dense branching. The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. Young American Hornbeam. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to It is … Simple toothed leaves are dark green and have variable yellow, orange, red or reddish […] Genus Carpinus are deciduous shrubs and trees with attractive foliage and hop-like fruit clusters in late summer and autumn Details C. caroliniana is a small, deciduous tree to around 10m tall with branches that droop at the tips and fluted, grey bark. A wildfire severe enough to kill the hardwood component of a white oak (Q. alba) stand in Rhode Island eliminated American hornbeam from the stand. American hornbeam is a wonderful addition to a … virginiana (Marshall) Fernald, and the southern var. Prefers moist, organically rich soils. These plants also provide good cover and shelter for animals. The extremely hard wood of this tree will, as the common name suggests, take a horn-like polish and was once used by early Americans to make bowls, tool handles and ox yokes. Upright’ Description & Overview. Carpinus caroliniana, the American hornbeam, is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow-green. The leaves are alternate with a doubly toothed margin. Tree Size: 35-40 ft (10-12 m) tall, 1.5-2 ft (.5-.6 m) trunk diameter. Older branches develop a slate gray, smooth, irregularly fluted appearance; overall appearance is similar to a flexed bicep muscle, hence the common name muscle wood. No serious insect or disease problems. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Carpinus caroliniana . Habitat: Grows on moist, rocky, wooded slopes. Paul Nelson. May be grown in lawns or naturalized in woodland areas. Commercial use of hornbeam wood is not practicable, however, due to the limited amount of wood that can be harvested per tree.Genus name comes from the classical Latin name.Specific epithet means of North or South Carolina. The American Hornbeam is a short, stubby tree that can have one or more trunks, each a foot wide and aesthetically pleasing. The trunk and branches of this tree have ridges that look like muscles. Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Leaf spots, cankers, and twig blight are occasional disease problems of the American hornbeam. Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is an attractive small tree that is common, but not abundant in its natural range. It is tolerant of drier sites, some sun and periodic flooding. Carpinus caroliniana, commonly called American hornbeam, is a slow-growing, deciduous, small to medium-sized understory tree with an attractive globular form. AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV. hornbeam Betulaceae Carpinus caroliniana Walter symbol: CACA18 Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical to ovate, 3 to 5 inches long, pinnately veined, tip acuminate, doubly serrate margin; waxy, smooth green above, paler below. A Johnson’s Nursery origination; J.N. Introduction: A fine-textured tree that is related to the birches, American hornbeam is the only North American native of the genus Carpinus. The Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) has three flights from February-November in the deep south and March-September in the north. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The short, often crooked trunk covered with a smooth slate gray bark is characteristically ridged, resembling the muscles of a flexed arm. Plant Selections introduction, Firespire® Musclewood is an upright form of Musclewood with outstanding orange-red fall color. Alternate, simple, 2.5-5" long, 1-2" wide, ovate-oblong, doubly serrate, glabrous, Smooth, tight, thin and bluish-gray stretched over an irregularly ridged trunk. Does well in heavy shade and is found as an understory tree in forests. Mature Height: 40 ft. The 30–40 species of hornbeam occur across much of the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with the greatest number of species in East Asia, particularly China. Growers will appreciate its vigorous yet mannerly growth habit and ease of care in the nursery. NC Cooperative Extension and NHC Arboretum, older bark is slate gray with muscle appearance, leaves weakly doubly serrate, parallel veins, fruits a nutlet on 3-lobed bract, lobes basal. Not all of the wild edibles can produce the best-tasting and most plentiful foods, but many can make their small contribution. The small tree produces a small, ribbed nutlet that is carried by a 3-lobed leafy bract. Both of the two recognized varieties occur in NC, the northern var. The Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax) has two broods from April-October. Select A’ PPAF Description & Overview. American Hornbeam, usually called Ironwood in North Carolina, is a fairly common understory tree found mostly along streambanks. Other common names: hornbeam, blue beech, ironwood, water beech. A small to medium multi-stemmed tree forming wide spreading rounded tops. The smooth, gray trunk and larger branches of a mature tree exhibit a distinctive muscle-like fluting that has given rise to another common name of musclewood for this tree. Commercial use of hornbeam wood is not practicable, however, due to the limited amount of wood per tree. A lively mix of bright red and orange fall colors and distinctive columnar shape combine to offer a new look for a popular and widely adaptable North American native tree. caroliniana.They are quite similar and many of the trees in the overlap range (such as in Durham County) are intergrades. A subtle beauty often overlooked. Considerations: Said to be difficult to transplant as it does not tolerate root disturbance. It is native to Missouri where it is typically found in rich moist woods, valleys, ravine bottoms and rocky slopes along streams throughout the eastern and Ozark regions of the State (Steyermark). Scientific Name. Native shade tree - own root. The tree likes Sun to shade at the location and the soil should be fresh humus soils. Zones: 3-9. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America. Average Dried Weight: 49 lbs/ft 3 (785 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.58, .79. It will grow with an attractive open habit in total shade, but be dense in full sun. Carpinus caroliniana 'JFS-KW6' Native Flame® American Hornbeam: Zone: 5: Height: 30' Spread: 20' Shape: Upright oval Foliage: Green Fall Color: Red: This versatile native species is ripe for cultivar development, and Native Flame® leads the pack into bright fall colors. This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer but is especially sensitive to drought, heat, and soil compaction. Scientific name: Carpinus caroliniana Pronunciation: kar-PYE-nus kair-oh-lin-ee-AY-nuh Common name(s): American hornbeam, blue-beech, ironwood Family: Betulaceae USDA hardiness zones: 3A through 9A (Figure 2) Origin: native to the majority of the eastern United States, southeast Quebec, and southwest Ontario UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native Uses: sidewalk cutout (tree pit); deck or patio; specimen; street without sidewalk; screen; hedge; tree lawn 3–4 feet wide; tree lawn 4–6 feet wide; tree … It also grows in Canada (southwest Quebec and southeast Ontario). American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) $ 35.00. An attractively shaped, low-maintenance understory tree for shady sites. Carpinus caroliniana: Musclewood. The nutlet is 1/3 inch long and is attached to a leaf-like 3-lobed green scale that helps it to be carried by the wind. The American Hornbeam is botanically called Carpinus caroliniana. Plant Selections introduction, Fire King™ Musclewood lives up to its name with its fast growth, superior hardiness, and excellent structure.Selected by Mike Yanny in 2003, this cultivar is upright in youth becoming rounded with age.

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