It has to be cultivated according to the regulation of EEC and NOP in Europe and America respectively, which has the following criterion: No use of genetically modified organism (GMO) seeds, No treatment of fungicides or insecticides on seed. Consumers now have their choice of an increasing selection of clothing, bedding and other products made from, https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tariffs_e/tariff_data_e.htm, Green chemistry in the wet processing of textiles, The Impact and Prospects of Green Chemistry for Textile Technology. Organic cotton is received from plants without the use of any pesticides, fertilizers, and any other agrochemicals (Kalia et al., 2011). According to the Textile Exchange, 2010 Global Market Report on Sustainable Textiles, the global sales of organic cotton apparel and home textile products was $ 5.16Â billion; it showed an increase of 20% compared with the 2009 market (Organic Trade Association, 2012). 25â40Â cN/Tex, but up to 20% stronger when wet, Fairly inelastic. USDA Market News provides price, volume, and other related information for commodities and products that have been grown, processed and certified to USDA’s National Organic Program standards. The chemical structure of cotton cellulose can be shown as follows: Organic cotton is produced by taking into account ecological aspects. For all of our GOTS certified fabrics, we ensure that every facility is inspected, and each step is certified, right through to our warehouse in South Carolina. It was first planted in the 1980s as an attempt to secure sustainable, ecological, and biodynamic agriculture. Textile raw materials (of both natural and synthetic origin) include, but are not limited to; conventional cotton, organic cotton, flax, acrylic, viscose, polyester, polypropylene, nylon, silk and wool. The innermost layer is lumen, which is in bean shape (cross-section). Copyright Â© 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. 1% for the Planet®. The complete textile processing sequence, right from harvesting to final packaging and labelling, must have certification. However, an average organic cotton farmer has only 4.3 hectares (one hectare equals approximately 2.5 acres), which indicates that organic farming systems are relatively small. Even the same type of fibre produced in different countries will have different carbon footprints due to the reasons already discussed in this chapter. Definition of organic cotton in the Definitions.net dictionary. This guide aims to address these challenges and offer practical knowledge to companies so that they are able to source their organic cotton in a more efficient and informed way. Comparison of the properties the yarn (18.2Â tex) made by organic and regular cotton, Jitendra Pratap Singh, Swadesh Verma, in Woven Terry Fabrics, 2017. A number of textile materials including plasticizers, lubricants, polyurethanes, and nylon are synthetically produced from adipic acid. Organic Cotton Plus has been fortunate to have Sandra as an adviser on a number of issues through On The Mark Public Relations. Product Description: A very nice 100% organic sport-weight cotton - a yarn which is airily spun and therefore will not compact too much when knitted. Recently, it has been explored that natural glucose is convertible to adipic acid as a result of specific enzymatic reactions (Niu et al., 2002). There is an increasing trend to use green fibers in textiles as a part to promote eco-friendly and sustainable developments in textile processing. Apparel companies are developing programs that either use 100 percent organically grown cotton, or blend small percentages of organic cotton with conventional cotton in their products. One estimate indicates that 16% of the world pesticide production is used on cotton. The main component of cotton is cellulose, though the precise proportion varies with the source of cotton and growing conditions.
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